Vehicle Tracking Installation Guide
Battery-powered GPS tracking devices and vehicle GPS trackers that connect to OBDii ports are frequently used for vehicle management. Whether it is a personal GPS for making sure teen drivers are safe or a GPS tracking system to observe cars and trucks in the workplace, it is clear that tracking systems can help any parent or fleet manager improve safety. Although battery powered GPS devices and systems that pull power from OBD ports are the most popular vehicle tracking devices, hardwired GPS solutions are the best when it comes to vehicle security. If you recently purchased a hardwired device and need some assistance with GPS tracker installation, this article will help guide you to installing GPS equipment without hiring a professional.
Best Hard Wired GPS Vehicle Tracker 2022
This hardwired GPS tracker with kill switch is the ideal car tracker and equipment tracking solution. Simply connect the GPS fleet tracking solution to any asset to find the location of your vehicle, trailer, or asset 24/7. The best part is you can use the GPS car tracker to disable the starter, observe temperature monitoring, and even get a speed alert if someone is driving at dangerous speeds.
Related Content: GPS Asset Tracking Guide 2022
Basic Tools For Installing GPS Equipment
Before you begin the installation process of your vehicle locator it is best to have some basic tools readily available. These basic vehicle tracking installation items include simple tools, electrical tape, fleet management system user manuals, a flashlight, and maybe an extension cable.
GPS Unit Placement
- Before drilling any holes or running any wires (as applicable), decide where each hardware component will be located (device, mounting bracket, cable, etc.).
- Locate a suitable mounting location with a clear view of the sky (GPS satellites), preferably above any metal that could obstruct receiving GPS signals. GPS signals can be received through glass and plastic.
- Typically, for vehicles, the unit should be placed near the dashboard of the vehicle to the right of the driver with open exposure to the front windshield. It is important that the unit does not interfere with the vehicle’s airbag system in any manner.
- It is also a good idea to consider the visibility of the LEDs on the unit, as you may periodically need to see the LEDs to ensure the unit is working properly.
- Make sure that the device will not be exposed to damage from the sun, heat, rain, moisture, people, or objects.
- Attach the unit to the solid body of the vehicle or asset, not to plastic panels, and be sure that the cables (if any) to the unit are not cut, bent, or constricted in any way. Secure the unit and any excess wire (if applicable) with non-conductive fasteners and ties — making sure not to crimp or flatten the wires. Do not re-use any wire tie that surrounds the cable used in shipping. Do not glue the unit to the dashboard.
|RED WIRE||Primary Power|
|WHITE WIRE||Input 0 – Ignition||Ignition detection|
|GREEN WIRE||Output 0 – Starter disable relay driver||Starter Disable/Enable – Output 0 is grounded when starter is disabled. Output 0 is neutral when starter is enabled.|
|YELLOW WIRE||Output 2 – Digital Output||Door unlocking – pulsed to ground twice, each pulse least 0.5 s|
|BLUE WIRE||Input 1 – Digital Input||Alarm 2 – trigged when power lost|
|ORANGE WIRE||Input 2 – Digital Input||ONLY USED FOR CUSTOM FEATURES|
|BROWN WIRE||Output 1 – Digital Output||ONLY USED FOR CUSTOM FEATURES|
|Green/Black||Serial Output||ONLY USED FOR CUSTOM FEATURES|
|Blue/Black||Serial Input||ONLY USED FOR CUSTOM FEATURES|
|White/Blue||1-Bit Bus Data Line||ONLY USED FOR CUSTOM FEATURES|
|Pink||ADC Input||ONLY USED FOR CUSTOM FEATURES|
Power Cable Installation
Before you begin:
IMPORTANT INFORMATION FOR ANY PRODUCT WARRANTY RETURNS:
AirIQ’s product warranty terms state that any form of modification or alteration to a device will void the warranty. As a result, in the event you need to return a device, please be sure to remove and return it in its entirety or you may be charged for the full replacement value of the unit.
PRE-INSTALL NOTE: Do NOT wire your device behind/into your vehicle’s ECM port.
This is not recommended as the connection is unreliable and will affect the performance of the device. PRE-INSTALL NOTE 2:
IF YOU REQUIRE ANY OF THE FOLLOWING FEATURES:
- Engine Hours
- Unauthorized Movement
- Ignition On/Off Alerts
PLEASE BE SURE TO WIRE THE DEVICE HARNESS TO YOUR VEHICLE’S ENGINE IGNITION. These features are captured using engine ignition, so it is required for them to perform correctly. The wiring diagram with lull instructions can be found on page 3.
Wire Color Scheme for the Power Cable
1. Connect the RED wire to a +12/24V constant power source.
2. Connect the WHITE wire to a +12/24V ignition power source.
3. Connect the BLACK wire to negative ground or a metal surface on the vehicle frame.
All 3 of these wires must be connected. Failure to connect these lines in the manner described may result in the discharge of the vehicle battery.
- Connect the power cable to the unit. The unit should now be powered. PLEASE NOTE: Once the unit powers up it will automatically connect to AirIQ’s network and download its configuration. PLEASE WAIT 5-10 MINUTES BEFORE YOU TEST ANY OF YOUR FEATURES SO THAT YOU DO NOT INTERRUPT THE DOWNLOAD PROCESS. In addition, do not disconnect the device from the power source during this time as it may also interrupt the download process.
- Every unit has an internal backup battery. The unit is shipped with the battery enabled.
|COMM LED (RED/ORANGE LIGHT)|
|COMM On —Searching||Slow Blinking|
|Network Available||Fast Blinking|
|Registered but no Inbound Acknowledgement||Alternates from Solid to Fast Blink every 1 second|
|Registered & Received Inbound Acknowledgment||Solid|
The device is equipped with two status LED’s — one for GPS and one for COMM (wireless network status). The LED’s are located on the end of the device — as shown below— and use the blink patterns shown in the table below:
|GPS LED (GREEN LIGHT)|
|GPS On||Slow Blinking|
|GPS Time Sync||Fast Blinking|
CONFIRMING PROPER OPERATION
It is highly recommended to perform an Action request from the AirIQFleetTM website to confirm GPS Fix with current location and test other optional features before releasing the vehicle or asset.
NO GPS FIX (SOLID LED)
- Ensure the vehicle is outside.
- Ensure the unit is not mounted directly under metal and the P/N sticker on the unit faces upwards.
NO POWER (NO LED)
- Verify there is constant power on the RED wire on the power cable.
- The BLACK wire on the power cable must be attached to a good ground source.
OPTIONAL OUTPUTS ON POWER CABLE
Output Starter Disable (GREEN WIRE)
Note: Optional Relay Is For +12 Volt Vehicle Tracker Installation
- Locate the +12V starter wire in the vehicle’s ignition harness and cut it.
- Connect the BLUE wire from the disable relay to the ignition switch side of the cut starter wire.
- Once cut, this wire will show voltage during cranking.
- Connect the RED wire from the disable relay to the Solenoid side of the cut Starter Wire.
- Using a butt connector, crimp the GREEN wire from the Starter disable relay and the GREEN wire from the device harness together.
IF YOU HAVE A FIVE (5) WIRE RELAY:
|GREEN (85)||To GREEN wire on harness|
|BROWN (86)||To WHITE wire on harness|
|BLUE (30)||To Ignition Side of Cut Starter Wire|
|RED (87a)||To Starter Side of Cut Starter Wire|
|YELLOW (87)||Not used|
- Locate the starter wire in the vehicle and cut it. Connect the BLUE wire from the relay and connect it to the ignition side of the starter wire. Connect the RED wire on the relay and connect to the starter side of the starter wire.
- Connect the GREEN wire on the relay to the GREEN wire on the harness/power cable.
- Connect the BROWN wire from the relay to TRUE IGNITION (a wire with +12VDC when the engine is cranking and running).
There are numerous types of vehicle door unlock systems and not all systems in every vehicle will allow for the unlock feature to be connected.
Matthew is a freelance writer who is passionate about technology, music, photography, and decentralized finance.